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People may think that the mileage tax deduction is only for employer expenses, such as traveling for your own business or using your personal car to travel for an employer. Both of these scenarios make you potentially eligible to claim the mileage tax deduction on your taxes. However, there are several other scenarios where you can potentially claim a mileage tax deduction.
Mileage Used While Volunteering
There are three categories you must fulfill in order to take a mileage deduction from volunteering. First, the organization that you volunteered for must be recognized by the IRS. Second, you cannot have been reimbursed by the organization for your personal car gas expenses. Third, you must itemize your tax deductions.
The 2012 mileage rate for volunteer personal car expenses is $0.14 per mile. Instead of deducting the mileage rate, you could choose to deduct the actual expenses (gas, oil, parking, tolls, etc.).
Mileage Incurred When Moving for Work
If you use your personal vehicle to move for a new job, you are not reimbursed for moving expenses by your new employer, and you itemize your tax deductions, you can take a mileage tax deduction for moving in addition to other moving costs.
The standard mileage deduction for moving expenses is:
Mileage Incurred During Eligible Health Expenses
You must have incurred medical expenses of 7.5% or more of your Adjusted Gross Income (AGI) in order to take a medical expense deduction. You can include the cost of transportation to and from medical care in your calculation to see if you qualify for the medical expense deduction, including travel by bus, taxi, train, plane, ambulance, the transportation expenses for a parent that must accompany a minor for treatment, the transportation expenses of a nurse or other person who must accompany someone who cannot travel alone due to medical reasons, the transportation costs to visit a medically ill patient if these visits are recommended as part of treatment.
If you are eligible to deduct health care expenses and used a personal vehicle, you can choose between deducting actual personal car expenses incurred (gas, oil, parking, tolls, etc.), or the standard mileage rate of $0.23 for 2012. This changed from $0.19 from January-June 30, 2011 and $0.235 from July 1-December 30, 2011.